Design and Simulation of a Micromachined Gas Flow meter

 This paper describes the design of a gas flow meter using silicon bulk micromachining technology. The sensor is a thermal type device and consists of a micro heater and two temperature sensors situated at the left and right side of the heating element Ru,Rd) on a stacked SiO2 / Si3N4 thermally isolated membrane. The sensor works on the bases of displacement of temperature profile around the heating element with the gas flow. Ansys/Flotran software has been used for thermal and fluid simulations. The simulation results provide the optimum distance between the central heating element and two sensing elements in the range of 200µm. Also, the required heater temperature found to be in the range of 393 K

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